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Linux Defender [lancer Le Rescue Cd Sans Interface Graphique]

Modifié (octobre 2008) dans Demandes d39aide

J'essaye d'utiliser le Rescue CD bitdefender mais l'interface graphique ne fonctionne pas,

Il y a-t-il une possibilité de faire un scan en utilisant le mode texte, avec un ligne de commande?



  • Inconnu
    Modifié (octobre 2008)


    Ceci devrait être possible en utilisant les 'cheatcodes'.

    Pour cela, il faut appuyer sur la touche "Echap" du clavier lorsque le menu Linux Defender se présente, il affichera alors une ligne :

    Boot :

    Il faudra à ce moment écrire knoppix puis mettre le/les 'cheatcode(s)' désiré(s).

    Dans votre cas, voici la ligne de commande pour démarrer sans interface graphique :

    knoppix rescue 2

    Il va rester bloqué un bon moment sur "Trying to update BitDefender scanner", puis affichera "root!tty1:/#'.

    A ce moment, il sera possible de lancer l'analyse avec la commande :

    bdscan /media/hda1


    bdscan /media/hda2

    Voici la liste complète des 'cheatcodes' :

    CHEATCODES AND HINTS FOR BitDefender Rescue CD V2.0


    (last update: 02.13.2007)

    This is an edit of the original KNOPPIX cheatcodes file. Please note that your

    version might not have all these features.

    These options (can be combined) work from the ISOLINUX bootprompt:

    rescue lang=cn|de|da|es|fr|it|nl specify language/keyboard

    rescue lang=pl|ru|sk|tr|tw|us specify language/keyboard

    rescue gmt Use GMT-based time

    rescue tz=Europe/Berlin Use this timezone for TZ

    rescue atapicd Do NOT use SCSI-Emulation for IDE CD-Roms

    rescue alsa (or alsa=es1938) Use ALSA sound driver (at your own risk)

    rescue desktop=fluxbox|icewm Use specified WM instead of KDE (1)

    rescue desktop=kde|larswm|twm Use specified WM instead of KDE (2)

    rescue desktop=wmaker|xfce Use specified WM instead of KDE (3)

    rescue screen=1280x1024 Use specified Screen resolution for X

    rescue xvrefresh=60 (or vsync=60) Use 60 Hz vertical refresh rate for X

    rescue xhrefresh=80 (or hsync=80) Use 80 kHz horizontal refresh rate for X

    rescue xserver=XFree86|XF86_SVGA Use specified X-Server

    rescue xmodule=ati|fbdev|i810|mga Use specified XFree4-Module (1)

    rescue xmodule=nv|radeon|savage|s3 Use specified XFree4-Module (2)

    rescue xmodule=radeon|svga|i810 Use specified XFree4-Module (3)

    rescue 2 Runlevel 2, Textmode only

    rescue floppyconfig Run "" from a floppy

    rescue myconf=/dev/sda1 Run "" from a partition

    rescue myconf=scan (or config=scan) Try to find "" automatically

    rescue home=/dev/sda1/rescue.img Mount loopback file as /home/knoppix

    rescue home=scan Automatic search for knoppix homedir

    rescue no{apic,agp,apm,audio,ddc} Skip parts of HW-detection (1)

    rescue no{dhcp,fstab,firewire} Skip parts of HW-detection (2)

    rescue no{pcmcia,scsi,swap,usb} Skip parts of HW-detection (3)

    rescue pnpbios=off No PnP Bios initialization

    rescue acpi=off Disable ACPI Bios completely

    rescue usb2 Try to initialize USB 2.x controller(s)

    failsafe Boot with (almost) no HW-detection

    rescue pci=irqmask=0x0e98 Try this, if PS/2 mouse doesn't work *)

    rescue pci=bios Workaround for bad PCI controllers

    rescue ide2=0x180 nopcmcia Boot from PCMCIA-CD-Rom (some notebooks)

    rescue mem=128M Specify Memory size in MByte

    rescue dma Enable DMA accelleration for ALL IDE-Drives

    rescue noeject Do NOT eject CD after halt

    rescue noprompt Do NOT prompt to remove the CD

    rescue vga=normal No-framebuffer mode, but X

    rescue blind Start Braille-Terminal (no X)

    rescue brltty=type,port,table Parameters for Braille device

    rescue wheelmouse Enable IMPS/2 protocol for wheelmice

    rescue nowheelmouse Force plain PS/2 protocol for PS/2-mouse

    fb1280x1024 Use fixed framebuffer graphics (1)

    fb1024x768 Use fixed framebuffer graphics (2)

    fb800x600 Use fixed framebuffer graphics (3)

    rescue keyboard=us xkeyboard=us Use different keyboard (text/X)

    rescue splash Boot with fancy background splashscreen

    + animations + progress bar **)

    rescue toram Copy CD to RAM and run from there

    rescue tohd=/dev/hda1 Copy CD to HD partition and run from there

    rescue fromhd Skip checking for rescue on CD-ROM

    rescue fromhd=/dev/hda1 Boot from previously copied CD-Image

    rescue bootfrom=/dev/hda1 Access Image then boot from previously

    copied CD-Image (enables booting from

    NTFS / ReiserFS) ***)

    rescue bootfrom=/dev/hda1/KNX.iso Access image, boot from ISO-Image. ***)

    rescue knoppix_dir=rescue Directory to search for on the CD.

    rescue knoppix_name=rescue Cloop-File to search for on the CD.

    rescue testcd Check CD data integrity and md5sums

    expert Interactive setup for experts

    NEW Kernels and Options in version 3.4:

    rescue26 [Options...] boot_s with Kernel 2.6 (2.4 is default)

    expert26 [Options...] Same for expert mode

    rescue26 acpi=off Disable ACPI configuration in Kernel 2.6

    memtest Run memtest86 instead of Linux

    *) Try "rescue pci=irqmask=0x0e98" if (you have a notebook and) your

    PS/2 mouse doesn't work. (Possibly caused by a BIOS-flaw on your board,

    BIOS updates can help.) Sometimes, switching to the text console with

    Control-Alt-F1 and back to the X-screen with Control-F5 solves the

    problem without rebooting, since the X server reinitializes the mouse

    driver during that procedure.


    You can also have your own splash-screen in putting an executable shell-

    ****** to /cdrom/KNOPPIX/ For an example how to do this see:

    /usr/bin/ (Feature added by Fabian Franz.)

    ***) Bootfrom needs access to a running rescue-system with the same Kernel

    as the Bootkernel, before it is able to mount the partition / ISO-Image.

    This should allow a poor mans install from NTFS-Partitions and makes it

    also possible to boot an ISO-Image directly. You can also use wildcards

    in the ISO-Filename, but it must be unique. So: If you have just one

    rescue.iso on /dev/hda1 you can access it as: bootfrom=/dev/hda1/K*.iso,

    but if there are several, you need to make clear, which one you want.

    (Feature added by Fabian Franz.)

    If your rescue CD makes strange noises during boot, or you see

    frequent errors like "cloop: read error", or programs on your KDE

    desktop keep crashing randomly, then your CD image is probably defective

    or incomplete, or your CD-burner created a defective CD due to wrong

    writing speed or bad media. This is the most common error reported.

    Please boot with "rescue testcd" to check if the CD is OK, and/or even

    better, verify the MD5 checksums that are present on the mirrors before

    writing the CD. In some cases, defective IDE controllers cause this

    error if you have DMA enabled. Also, please read the rescue-FAQ.

    In case of a failing hardware autodetection, try booting with any of

    the "no-" options as shown in the table above, like in

    rescue noagp noaudio noapm noapic acpi=off nodma nopcmcia noscsi nousb

    to skip some critical parts of the autodetection system.

    The "noswap" option is useful for a forensic analysis without touching

    existing swap partitions.

    Some Boards apparently don't pass the proper memory size to the

    linux-kernel. It may cause the message "Panic: cannot mount root file

    system" and the system hangs. Use "rescue mem=128M" to solve that

    problem if your system has 128MByte memory for example (caution:

    you MUST use a capital "M" here).

    The "expert" mode provides a very simple interface to loading additional

    Kernel modules from floppy disks (ext2 or vfat), plus interactive

    configuration of mouse/keyboard/soundcard/xserver. "expert" mode supports

    the same boot options as "rescue".

    The "floppyconfig" or "(my)config=/dev/partition" options allow you to

    reconfigure the system after autoconfiguration by running a bourne

    shell ****** called "" from the root directory on the given

    device (or floppy). There is a GUI to create such a configuration

    floppy disk calles "saveconfig" (also located in the KDE menu under

    "rescue", but experts also know how to do this by creating their own

    shellscripts. From Version 2.1 and up, a file called "", if

    located in the toplevel rescue directory on CD, will also be executed

    at startup. This makes ist easier to create customized versions without

    having to change anything on the compressed filesystem knoppix/knoppix.

    SCSI-Emulation is active for all CD-Roms (unless you switch it off by

    using the "atapicd" option), so IDE CD-Writers should work with the

    installed versions of cdrecord and cdrdao (or the graphical frontends

    thereof, k3b for example).

    If your BIOS does not support el torito booting from CD, you can create

    two bootable floppy disks by issuing (from rescue running on a different

    machine) the command "mkbootfloppy", which will create a bootable

    Kernel-disk plus a disk containing the initial ramdisk, which will be

    prompted for at boottime.

    If you wish to remaster the CD, please don't forget to specify

    -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table \

    -b boot/isolinux/isolinux.bin -c boot/isolinux/

    as option to mkisofs. Otherwise your CD won't be bootable. The

    directory KNOPPIX, containig the compressed filesystem file "KNOPPIX",

    must be located in the top level directory of the CD.

    Caution: X-Screensaver: Don't start xlock or any screensaver that

    requires a password. There are no default passwords on knoppix,

    i.e. all accounts are LOCKED unless you explicitly set a password.

    See also README_Security.txt about this issue.

    If you accidentially hit the screensaver button in KDE,

    switch to one of the textconsoles by Control-Alt-F1 and kill

    the screensaver (or just set a password for the knoppix user).

    If you would like to edit your X-Server configuration manually

    (/etc/X11/XF86Config-4 for XFree86 V4.x), use "rescue 2" to boot

    into runlevel 2 (textmode only) and, after changing the X

    configuration, start the X environment with "init 5". Note that

    you can always leave the graphical environment with "init 2", and

    restart it later with "init 5".